The need for the “Domains for all” section emerged as a result of analyzing the questions that come to the WebNames.ru portal every day and analyzing the queries that users use to access WebNames.ru from search engines.
As it turns out many Internet users are concerned about the simplest questions related to the registration and use of domain names, the functioning of DNS and the Network as a whole, and WebNames.ru visitors want to receive answers in a simple and easy to understand form.
The section is mainly intended for those who:
We hope that not only beginners, but also experienced users will be able to find useful information in the articles of the Domains section for everyone.
Information section will be updated periodically. Please send your questions and requests to: firstname.lastname@example.org
A domain name is a unique alphanumeric designation (including letters from A to Z for English domains, A to Z for Russian domains, numbers from 0 to 9 and a hyphen "-") which is an essential element of the Internet address. A domain name allows you to identify a website or email address on the Internet.
The registered domain name, at the request of the owner, can be active or inactive (used or not used). If a domain name is active, it is associated with an IP address — the unique numeric address of the computer (host) on which the website is located, denoted by the domain name.
The Internet is a collection of local area networks of computers located around the world, which are interconnected according to the same rules, called protocols. These rules are used on a voluntary basis, as there is no formally established or government mechanism for enforcing them.
One crucial set of rules, known as the Domain Name System or DNS (Domain Names System), links names like www.webnames.ru to numeric addresses that computers use to communicate with each other.
It is these Domain Names that people use to find the desired resource on the global network or send an e-mail message.
A domain name consists of several fields separated by dots. The rightmost margin is called the Top Level Domain, then right to left, followed by the domain names (subdomains) of the lower level.
Each Top Level Domain has an administrator, called the Zone Administrator, which is the legal entity responsible for managing and regulating the strategy for this Domain.
The hierarchical structure of domain names can be represented as a tree. The full domain name ends with a dot ".", Denoting the root of the domain tree (this trailing dot is not visible to the user). Further (from right to left) the top-level domains follow the hierarchy, followed by the second-level domains, then the third level (see figure). Third-level domains are subdomains (subdomains) for second-level domains, and second-level domains are subdomains for top-level domains. From each other, they are separated by dots.
The figure illustrates the hierarchical organization of domain names with examples, including many top-level domains:
The domain name system translates names into numeric addresses transparently for the end user and vice versa. This process relies on a system of servers, called name servers, that store data that links domain names to numeric addresses. Each name server is responsible for its own zone and stores a limited set of names and numeric addresses.
All name servers are associated with Root name servers that coordinate data and allow users to find the server responsible for the Internet site they want to reach. They are called root, because they function at the root level - they serve the only root domain "."
One of the Root Servers is the "Authoritative Server" (Root Server A) On the Authoritative server, a master copy of the file that identifies all top-level domains, the so-called Root Zone File, is supported, this file is copied to the other root servers using a specified algorithm.
Name servers are organized into hierarchies like domain names.
For example, if someone wants to connect to the web site of the portal WebNames.ru - http://www.webnames.ru, his computer will ask for help from one of the root servers.
The root server will send a request to the server, which stores information about names ending in .ru. This server, in turn, will send the request to a third server, the one that knows the numeric addresses for all names ending in .webnames.ru.
This third server will return a numeric address to the user to achieve a direct link to www.webnames.ru.
It should be noted that the name servers retain in their memory the results of previous requests, so when the User repeats his request, he will receive the numeric address of the web site www.webnames.ru from the nearest name server in the chain, namely from the name server of his local network.
Domain .COM is one of the very first domains of the first level, intended for commercial organizations, currently registration is available to all without restrictions. It has the largest number of domain names registered. Mainly used for company sites.
Domain .NET - was created for sites related to the development of the Internet and telecommunication technologies, simultaneously with .COM and .ORG. Now the registration of domains in a completely free, but is used mainly for sites of companies that are connected to the Internet or telecommunications.
Domain .ORG - was created for organizations that do not meet the criteria for domains .COM and .NET, registration is currently available without restrictions. Mainly used by non-profit organizations.
Domain .RU is the national domain of the Russian Federation. Established in April 1994. It is widely used by companies and individuals who conduct their business and live in the territory of the Russian Federation for hosting websites.
Domain .РФ - the national domain of the Russian Federation. The first online domain in Cyrillic. The idea of creating a domain zone. RF appeared in 2007. The first Cyrillic Internet addresses earned on May 12, 2010. Legal entities and individuals can register a domain name, regardless of whether they are residents of the Russian Federation. Currently, more than 850 thousand domain names are registered.
Domain .SU - the domain of the Soviet Union. After repeated attempts to close the domain, it continues to function and develop. In August 2009, there are more than 81,000 registered domains.
Domain .BIZ - "business" - can only be used for "bona fide business or commercial purposes", such as exchanging goods, services or property of any kind, ordinary trade or business, facilitating the exchange of goods, services, information, or property of any kind . But, for example, the use or intention to use a domain name solely for personal, non-commercial purposes is incorrect for .BIZ domains
Domain .INFO - "Information" - a universally recognized term, easily translated into various national languages of the world. INFO domains are used by organizations, individuals, community projects.
Domain .NAME - designed exclusively for individuals to represent themselves on the Internet.
The .CC domain is the national domain of the Cocos Islands. A domain name is an abbreviation of many English expressions, for example, "Cash and Carry" or "Credit Card". Registration is available without restrictions.
Domain .TV is the national domain of the state of Tuvalu. Registration is available without restrictions, used mainly for sites of television channels and projects.
The .WS domain is the national domain of Western Samoa. The domain name can be decoded as WebSite. Registration is available without restrictions.
Domain .TW is the national domain of Taiwan. Registration is available without restrictions.
Domain .TEL - domain is designed to store contact information for individuals and companies without restrictions. Due to the storage of data on the registry servers, information is available both from computers and from any mobile Internet devices.
Domain .MOBI - designed for sites adapted for viewing on the screen of mobile phones. Currently available technology "Mobilizer", allowing you to create a copy of the site, located on any domain. At the same time, the copy available on the .MOBI domain will be automatically adapted for the mobile phone without changes on the main site.
Domain .ASIA - since, according to ICANN, the Russian Federation, even its small part, is not located in Asia, Regtime provides its users with the opportunity to register .ASIA domains with the provision of their mandatory "Asian" contact. The domain is used for the websites of companies and individuals conducting their business and living in the territory of the Asian region.
Domain .EU is the national domain of the European Union. Registration is allowed for persons residing in the territory of the European Union and organizations doing business or established in its territory.
Domain .KZ is the national domain of Kazakhstan. Registration is available without restrictions.
Domain .CN - the national domain of the People's Republic of China. Registration is available without restrictions.
Domain .IN is the national domain of India. Registration is available without restrictions.
Domain .UZ is the national domain of Uzbekistan. There are less than 10,000 domains registered. Registration is available without restrictions.
Domain .TJ is the national domain of Tajikistan. Registration is available without restrictions.
Domain .AERO - organizations and individuals connected with the aeroindustry can register a domain in the .AERO zone.
Domain .US - the national domain of the United States. Registration is allowed for persons residing in the United States and organizations conducting their business or established in their territory.